Common Eye Problems

Computer Vision Syndrome

Computers, tablets, e-readers, smartphones and other electronic devices with visual displays all can cause tired eyes, digital eye strain and computer vision syndrome. Computer vision syndrome can cause headaches, dry eyes, eyestrain, and blurred vision. According to The Vision Council, nearly 70% of American adults experience some form of digital eye strain. Although these symptoms may resolve themselves naturally once you remove yourself from the digital device, prolonged and repeat digital usage can cause these symptoms to persist and intensify. Our doctors at The Eye Group can help with a wide range of treatments for Computer Vision Syndrome in today’s digital world, including prescription adjustments, lens coatings, and blue light glasses.

Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry eye syndrome is caused by a chronic lack of sufficient lubrication and moisture on the surface of the eye. Its consequences range from subtle but constant irritation to inflammation of the eye tissues.

Symptoms include

  • Burning, stinging, and scratchy eyes
  • Mucus around the eyes
  • Light sensitivity
  • Red eyes
  • The feeling that something is stuck in your eye
  • Watery eyes
  • Blurred vision
  • Heavy or achy eyes

Dry eye syndrome has many causes and factors that affect it. It occurs as a part of the natural aging process (especially during menopause in women), but can also develop as a side effect of various medications. Lifestyle choices and habits can also exacerbate dry eye syndrome: living in very dry or smoky conditions, spending too much time in front of digital screens, and using contact lenses for too long. Our doctors can determine if you suffer from dry eyes using a series of tests and examining your patient history. Once diagnosed, they will be able to advise you in the proper course of treatment and medication.

Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration, often called AMD or ARMD, is the leading cause of vision loss and blindness among Americans who are age 65 and older. Because people in this group are an increasingly larger percentage of the general population, vision loss from macular degeneration is a growing problem. AMD is the degeneration of the macula, which is the part of the retina responsible for the sharp, central vision needed to read, drive, recognize faces, and any other detailed visual task. Symptoms of AMD include shadowy spots in the central vision, fuzzy vision, glare sensitivity, difficulty seeing in low light situations, and distorted vision where some words may appear wavy when reading. The primary cause of macular degeneration is aging, but inactivity, heart disease, and smoking are risk factors as well. Although there is no cure for macular degeneration, our doctors can recommend medications or treatments to make it more manageable.

Cataracts

Cataracts refer to cloudiness on the normally clear lens of the eye. Cataracts are the most common cause of vision loss in people over age 40 and is the principal cause of blindness in the world. In fact, there are more cases of cataracts worldwide than there are of glaucoma, macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy combined, according to Prevent Blindness America (PBA). Symptoms of a cataract include light from the sun or a lamp seeming too bright or glaring, fading of colors, or glare from car headlights at night. The most common cause of cataracts is aging, but family history, smoking, diabetes, medication use, or prolonged time spent in the sun can lead to cataracts as well. Our doctors will check for cataracts during an eye exam by testing your vision and examining your eye. Depending on the severity of your cataracts, you may be able to use glasses or contacts to correct your vision. However, the doctors may recommend cataract surgery to correct the problem. If this is the case, they will refer you to a surgeon, and monitor your pre and post-operative care to ensure you have the best possible outcome.

Blepharitis

Blepharitis is a very complicated term that simply means inflammation of the eyelids. Blepharitis usually involves the part of the eyelid where the eyelashes grow and typically affects both eyelids. It usually occurs when tiny oil glands located near the base of the eyelashes become clogged, leading to red and irritated eyes. The base of the eyelids may accumulate crusty flakes as a result of too much bacteria. Blepharitis most often occurs in people who are already prone to oily skin, dandruff, or rosacea. Although there is no cure for blepharitis, our doctors can prescribe a variety of treatment methods and medications to help get your symptoms managed.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma refers to a group of related eye disorders that all cause damage to the optic nerve that carries information from the eye to the brain. Glaucoma usually has few or no initial symptoms. Because most cases of glaucoma have few or no early symptoms, about half of Americans with glaucoma don’t know they have it. Glaucoma is the second-leading cause of blindness in the U.S. (behind macular degeneration), and the second-leading cause of blindness worldwide (behind cataracts). This is why regular eye care and vision check ups are crucial in monitoring your vision health. Risk factors for glaucoma include family histories of glaucoma, diabetes, being over 40, high blood pressure, high eye pressure, and being near or farsighted. Our doctors will check your eye pressure and use OCT images to determine if you have glaucoma. Our doctors can suggest a variety of different treatments including prescription drops to control your symptoms, or surgery, depending on your type of glaucoma.

Myopia

Myopia is a condition that refers to being unable to see something unless it is very close to your eye– it is also called nearsightedness or short sightedness. Objects in the distance will appear blurry, but you will still be able to see those that are near you. It is the most common vision problem, with about 1.5 billion people worldwide affected with nearsightedness. Myopia treatments focus on changing the way light enters the eye so that it focuses precisely on the retina, instead of in front of it. To do this, our doctors will most commonly adjust the vision using glasses or specialty contacts. Our doctors can diagnose patients with myopia during a comprehensive eye exam.